Try to install the batocera image-file with etcher.
The operating system that is running on your machine doesn't matter.
I think you problem is, that your bios-settings are not correct to boot from the usb-pendrive or batocera isn't properly installed on the pendrive.
Because the error-message you get (""DISK BOOT FAILURE, INSERT SYSTEM DISK AND PRESS ENTER") indicates that (the root cause of this error is always, that the drive, from which the system tries to boot, has not installed an operating system, or the operating system is not installed properly.).
You could also try the x86 64 bits version of batocera.