I have the same issue. SSH is activated. I CAN login from multiple pc's. Both Linux and Windows. Using a number of different SSH programs. PuTTY and KiTTY. But I try to login from the Samsung Tab and can NOT login. Have tried just about every android app out there and NONE of them will login.
I am working on it and will figure it out. But if anybody else has some ideas. Extra input would be helpful.
So far, I am working on the way that dropbear is configured. I am thinking that there is something to work on there. The thought is that the android apps are not emulating the keyboard input the way that dropbear expects it.
Edit: The ONLY error I get from an android app is "error: -125". Google searches have turned up nothing. Port scans show the port blocked. Batocera wiki was, unfortunately, no help.